Cooking with Japanese Knotweed

Andy Hamilton with Japanese knotweed
Harvesting Japanese knotweed

Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica is a plant that can divide forages from everyone else. Many foragers and love the stuff whilst everyone else dread seeing it and especially on their land. Why, you may well ask. Well it is because it is such a thug in fact to call it a thug is to play down its perniciousness. This weed is more like a guerrilla force than a thug, in the plant kingdom this stuff makes mint, brambles and couch grass look like Luxembourgs army.

This plant is hardy up to temperatures of  −35 °C and to ensure that you have gotten rid of it you have to dig down up to 3m to get every last bit of the root. It can grow very quickly at 3cm a day and reach a height of 3m.  This plant is worse than having your brother come and stay for just “one night”, as once this plant arrives it is very difficult to get it to go! It can grow through tarmac, walls I have heard of one woman who dug and dug over 5 years and has now eradicated it from her garden – I will add that this is a woman I met on a boat and I have never seen her again to verify if she has still got rid of it. Mostly it is sprayed and sprayed with powerful herbicides and this is the only way many people can get it to go.

So why would you want rid of it, well I love the way that Paul Kingsnorth likens this plant to a major supermarket in his book real England. The following paragraph beautifully sums up how both knotweed and Tescos behavior.

“Just as Knotweed is all cloned from one single plant, so the big chains are all cloned from global corporations. Just as Knotweed makes it impossible for the local plant life at its roots, and thus kills off the local insects and the local birds, so the big chain shops kill off the local independent shops around them and thus destroys the local economy. Just as Knotweed will come back again several growing seasons in a row until those of us out there with mallets and rollers are exhausted, so a big supermarket, refused planning permission, will apply again and again until the Council and local people are worn down and give in.”

I guess youare wondering why foragers might like it. Well it is because as the title of this

japanese knotweed shoots
japanese knotweed shoots

blog suggests, it can be eaten as a food at this time of year in the UK and cooking with japanese knotweed is one of the best ways to deal with it. The trick is to cut it when it is about 15-20cm tall. It has a taste very similar to Rhubarb when cooked.  In fact replace rhubarb with knotweed in any recipe and you can’t go far wrong.

Cooking with japanese knotweed The recipes

Knotweed fool

This is simply a fruit fool made like any other. It is absolutely delicious and I think could eaisly start to show up on menus. Perhaps I should send my recipe to Heston Blumenthal.


  • 2 tablespoon of sugar or half a litre of apple juice
  • A big handful of knot weed (12 shoots)
  • 2 Bananas
  • 1 cup of double cream


Cook the knotweed for a few minutes in sugared water (or apple juice) until tender.  Strain and blend until proper mash up.  Throw in the bananas and blend them too. In the meantime beat the cream until it is stiff. Fold in the resulting goo. Refrigerate for about an hour and serve with a foolish counternance.

Using Japanese Knotweed in Alcoholic Drinks

Japanese knotweed can be turned into some delicious wines, beers and even vodka.  My book Booze for Free has recipes for all three.

Steamed knotweed

I have read that you can serve knotweed like a vegetable, simply steam it. However, it does taste like rhubarb with a texture like asparagus. It is certainly interesting and I think I will need to experiment with it further before I can really suggest that it works.

Advice on harvesting knotweed and the law

Japanese Knotweed by Roy Hunt
Andy looking rather dramatic with some Japanese knotweed

As knotweed is such an invasive plant you have to be aware that it can be regually sprayed. The patch that I found is in an area that I walk past every day and so I know that it is safe. If you have any doubt about your patch of knotweed being sprayed then I would strongly advise on leaving it well alone, it is simply not worth the risk. I have seen a patch that has been sprayed for knotweed and 3 years on it is still fairly barren.

A second note of warning is about the crop once you have picked it. Do only use the first shoots of the year (15-20cm or 6-9 inches) as the adult plants are not only too tough to eat but they have a sap inside them that can leave your mouth blistered.

Whenever we contduct our wild food walks we always tell people to only pick what they will eat and leave at least a 2 thirds of the plant or if there is only one plant in one area then leave it alone. Japaneses knotweed is slightly different in that (I personally think) you are doing a bit of service by harvesting it as it must weaken the plant. So take as much as you use and even cook it up and freeze it. Although do use all of it, I have heard of people throwing bits away only to find it growing out of the bin. So I would advise burning anything that you have left over or at least try cooking and eating all of it.

Remember that the plant can grow from a piece of the root the size of your thumbnail so it is rightfully covered by the Environmental protcetion act (see below).

Environmental Protection Act 1990 Japanese Knotweed is classed as ‘controlled waste’ and as such must be disposed of safely at a licensed landfill site according to the Environmental Protection Act (Duty of Care) Regulations 1991. Soil containing rhizome material can be regarded as contaminated and, if taken off a site, must be disposed of at a suitably licensed landfill site and buried to a depth of at least 5 m.

An offence under the Wildlife and Countryside Act can result in a criminal prosecution.  An infringement under the Environmental Protection Act can result in enforcement action being taken by the Environment Agency which can result in an unlimited fine.  You can also be held liable for costs incurred from the spread of Knotweed into adjacent properties and for the disposal of infested soil off site during development which later leads to the spread of Knotweed onto another site.

13 thoughts on “Cooking with Japanese Knotweed

  1. Pingback: Variegated Mountain Fleece | Landscaping - Gardening
  2. I love that analogy about knotweed; hilarious. Typically glyphosate is used to spray it. I still wouldn’t recommend eating it, but it’s not particularly dangerous (of course you probably wont know for certain that’s what it’s been sprayed with though).

    1. Cheers Pete. Yes, it does get sprayed with some rather nasty chemicals and you do have to know who is doing what to it. You are missing out if you are not eating it, delicous stuff.

  3. I am looking for some true Japanese Knotweed for medical purposes. I would like to grow my own. Is anyone willing to help with seeds, clippings or roots.

    1. Hello Carlborne, what you are suggesting is against the law and you could even be imprisoned. Not to mention its irrasponable, sorry to come down a bit on you there. I’d suggest getting in contact with your local council and seeing if you can harvest some of theirs, even then you shouldn’t really leave the site with it.

      If you are outside the UK the laws differ, but as it can really devistate an area I’d still try and find someone who has it growing and just harvest theirs. You really don’t want to be planting it.

    2. I have it growing in my yard now for 15 years, I keep it fenced because the deer eat it, I have lymes and am trying to cook it and make tea

  4. Hi Melissa, my interpretation of the law states that it refers to “contaminated soil” and not the plant itself. So you can take ariel plants but not the roots or the soil as that is classed as controlled waste.

  5. Where do you to get some knotweed, i would like to try your recipes? Obviously i dont want it growing in my garden, but is there controlled green houses that grow it for the purpose of eating?

  6. I have been fighting this godawful mes for about 10 years and no one could ever tell me what it was. Someone planted it along my driveway as a summer barrier between themselves and the neighbor. Well, I inherited it and since I don’t believe in using chemicals, I still have it. Thank goodness I do. I finally found a professor at the university her in missouri that told me what it was – Japanese Knotweed. I initially thought I would have to resort to chemicals. Then I started doing some research and I am thrilled to know I can “kind of control” it and get some really good use from the knotweed. I haven’t used any just yet but I am excited to try some of these recipes I have found online. I would really like to find your book and have just started looking for it. I am really excited for some of the medicinal properties, also. I have Polymialgia Rhuematica and I hope this will help with the pain. I just wanted to thank you for the education you have given me on this plant. It is just one more reason to appreciate nature.

    1. How nice of you to post this Mary thank you. What a thing to inherit, I feel for you it’s quite a beast. I have indeed heard of people who repeatedly dig up the root and burn it over time they irradicated it.

      My book has a USA imprint and is published by Plume, it is more about making drinks than anything else. Just had a look up Polymialgia Rhuematica and I’m not sure that Knotweed will help, I don’t want to give you any quack ideas but some people have used the Paleo diet to treat auto-immune conditions. Perhaps ask your physician about it?

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